Iowa  Gov. Terry Branstad has signed Senate File 2360, legalizing one form of medical marijuana. While the governor’s signature brings relief to families and epileptic patients, the legislation outlines specific conditions and guidelines.

The drug will only be legal in the form of cannabis oil, a non-smoking product of marijuana with low doses of THC, the component that causes a high. 

Only those with intractable epilepsy will be eligible to use the drug, a type in which the patient does not respond to medication meant to alleviate seizures. Under the law, no other medical conditions will be eligible.

The patient must have a recommendation from a neurologist, proving the doctor and patient have exhausted all other treatment options. It only applies to permanent Iowa residents 18 years old and older, or given to an adult primary caretaker to administer.

Gov. Nikki Haley has signed into law a bill allowing people in South Carolina with severe epilepsy to use CBD oil, which comes from the marijuana plant, as a treatment option. The oil must be prescribed by a doctor.

CBD oil, also known as cannabis oil or cannabidiol, has almost none of the mind-altering substance in marijuana.

Sen. Tom Davis, R-Beaufort, who sponsored the Senate version of the bill that eventually became law, says, “The young girl that inspired me to file this bill, a 6-year-old named Mary Louise Swing in Charleston, has up to 150 seizures an hour, and with medication, conventional pharmaceutical medication, that gets knocked down to about 30-40 a day. But with CBD oil, anecdotal evidence is and others have gotten relief where the pharmaceuticals don’t provide it. So we’re talking about changing some lives in South Carolina, so it’s a really great day.”